Where to use the preposition IN and ON?
- We use “In” for time in terms of months, years, decades or centuries.For example,
- In January,
In the last decade
In 18th century
I left college in May
Saddam was born in August
I will fly to Indonesia in AprilIN is also used with seasons:-
He likes skiing in summers.
The bird is sitting in a tree
They enjoy playing cricket in monsoons.
He always take a vacation in winters .
IN is also used with countries
- He lives in Malaysia.
The company is located in Morocco.
She went to school in Afghanistan.
IN is also used with countries with city or town names:
- He has a house in Algeria.
I was born in India.
He works in Pakistan.
IN is also used with times of the day –
- They wake up early in the morning.
He goes to office in the afternoon.
Akbar sometimes plays softball in the evening.
In is also used to indicate:
1. That someone or something belongs to or is included as part of something
• She used to play in a cricket team before, but not now
2. During a period of time, a season, etc.
• It happened in the 2018
3. At the end of (a period of time)
• I’ll be there in an hour or so, if possible .
4. How people or things are arranged
• They stood in a circle for two hours, which is indeed commendable
When to Use the Preposition “On”
Use “on” with specific days of the week or year:
- Let’s meet on Sunday.
What are you planning to do on Anniversary Day?
He is going to take part in the match on March 5th.
Read : Where to use “By” and “With”
“On” is also used to indicate:
The part or object by which someone or something is supported
• How long can you stand on one foot all by yourself, without taking the help of anyone?
2. That something is attached to something
• He hung the painting on the wall easily all by himself.
3. Where someone or something is hit or touched
• I bumped my head on a low branch and I seriously bruised my forehead
4. The surface or part where something is seen or located
• There are marks on the wall and they look so ugly, in the freshly painted wall
5. The bird is sitting on the branch