These 51 Grammatical mistakes Will make you wiser in 2019







Where to use Below & Under

Below is preferred when one thing is not directly under another- All the common uses of below are related to the idea of “lower or less than,” as in these examples:

The sun disappeared below the horizon. (NOT The sun disappeared under the horizon.)
The climbers stopped several hundred meters below the top of the mountain.
While measuring temperature and height we use below.

• It is 5 degrees below zero (less than)
• This place is below above sea level




Under is preferred when something is covered by what is over it.
My slippers are lying under the bed (no touching, no movement)
The shoe polish is lying under the table (no touching, no movement)
The boat passes under the bridge (movement)

“Under” can also be used in the following cases where there is some sort of control , like in the following cases:-
The school is under new management
The force captured three men , under the command of seniors

To mean ‘less than’ or ‘younger than’ we use under.
There were under 30 students in the auditorium today
Or
You can say “There were below 30 students in the auditorium today
No one is allowed to drive under 18
Or
You can say “You can’t be eligible for a driving license, if you are below 18”





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Where to use Has been / Have been / Had been




 
A student has asked me this query
 
Good morning ma’am .
may i ask ?
how to use those —>>”have been” , “has been ” and “had been “? i can’t understand ma’am . please help me

Present perfect continuous tense (Has been / Have been + ing)

The present perfect continuous tense indicates that an action which has happened in the past, is still continuing.
It is denoted by Has/Have been + ing




I have been visiting Nigeria for over a month

In the above sentence, visiting Nigeria is termed to be an activity which is started in the past, and is still continuing

Following are the words, which may often see associated with Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Recently
Lately

She has been feeling well lately




Following are the sentences where “since” and “for” is used

He has been serving in the department for two years  (Has been+Ing)
They have been highlighting the plight of immigrants since 2016 (Have been+Ing)
The demonstrators have been staging dharna since morning(Have been+Ing)
He has been serving the old-age parents since 1998 (Has been+Ing)

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Where to use THEIR, THEM?

Where to use MY, ME?

Where to use OUR, US?

Where to use HIS, HIM?

Where to use YOUR, YOU?

Where to use HER?

 




Through the following post, you will get the easiest explanation

Following will be used before a NOUN

What are nouns?

Things which identify class of people, places, or things

 

 

 

Now, I want to help you with examples

He is coming to MY house to meet ME

(we don’t say  , He is coming to ME house to meet ME

2.
They are coming to OUR office to discuss business with US

We don’t say, They are coming to US office to discuss business with OUR . Isn’t it?

 

3.
He is going to YOUR gym to learn exercises from YOU

We don’t say, He is going to YOU gym to learn exercises from YOUR

 

4.

I am going to THEIR farmhouse, to meet them

We don’t say, I am going to THEM farmhouse, to meet THEIR

 

 

5.

They are coming to HIS auditorium to meet HIM and discuss something important

We don’t say, They are coming to HIM auditorium to meet HIS and discuss something important 

 

6.
While “HER” will be same in both

 




 

 

 

Past perfect continuous tense (Had been + ing)

The characteristic of a PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE is that, the action which was happening in the past, continue for a specific time in the past.
It is denoted by
has been + ing




It is different with Present perfect Continuous Tense mainly because.
In Present perfect Continuous Tense , the action which started in the past, is still continued.

The students has been making noise in the class, when the teacher walked into the room
I had been working in the company for ten years, when I got promoted.

Following are the words, which are mainly going to see, in such sentences

When, for, since, and before

He had been playing excessively before he bruised her knees
The show that ended, had been working well for ages
He has been working as a watchmen , when he was finally asked to work as a clerk
She had been eating chocolates, when her parents finally came into the room and scolded her

 

 

 

Top 3 mistakes English learners should not forget in 2018




 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

Where to use of Though & Although:

 

Pooja Bisht who is a member of English Teacher group has this following query:-

Ma’am kindly explain the use of though, although, however, moreover, nevertheless

 




Following is the detailed answer:-

Though and Although (both mean “in spite of something”)

Both of them are termed as subordinate clauses, which basically means that they are going to need a main clause to make the whole sentence complete.

Now, in order to tell you what is the main clause and subordinate clause?
Let’s take a good view of the following sentence

Sentence – 1
Everyone cheered the team (Main clause)
although we lost just by one run (subordinate clause)

Sentence – 2

Everyone soaked in the sun outside (Main clause)
although, the granny was lying attended for a long time (subordinate clause)




 

Subordinate clause can start  followed by the main clause.
In such cases, when a sentence starts with a subordinate clause, then there should be a comma, before starting of the main clause.
However, if the main clause is used for starting the sentence, then no such “comma” is used.

Now, I am giving you two examples, where the sentence is starting with the subordinate clause. HERE WE WILL BE USING A COMMA

Though, it was slippery outside (subordinate clause)
we started dancing (Main clause)

  • Though it was slippery, we started dancing
  • Though it was windy , we flew kites

Through the above four sentences, we came to know that both THOUGH and ALTHOUGH are interchangeable and can be used in place of other

“EVEN THOUGH” offers more surety then THOUGH and ALTHOUGH

For example, look at the following four sentences, you will realise, what I am talking about

  • The soldiers went on to put a brave resistance against the opponents, EVEN THOUGH, they were badly bruised
  • The cops bravely fought against the criminals even though, they were gasping for breath for more than 15 minutes
  • The doctors successfully operated a patient with a rare disease, even though there were minimal chances of his survival
  • The septuagenarian survived the ordeal, even though the doctors were sceptical before

 

“HOWEVER or NEVERTHELESS”- Used for ascertaining a contrasting point

“HOWEVER or NEVERTHELESS” – They are adverbs




What is Adverb?

It is a phrase or word that modifies the meaning of an adjective

Now, let’s get back to the exact use of “HOWEVER, NEVERTHELESS

They are used for stating a contrasting nature as part of our opinion, which we put forth in the second half of the sentence.

Difference is – Nevertheless is more formal and has more “surety” angle”, than “HOWEVER”

let’s remove your confusion, with the following sentences:-

I agree to all your points, HOWEVER I can’t send my child for overnight trip – (USE OF HOWEVER)
You may go to gym and work for hours, HOWEVER , building a body just 15 days before the event is a herculean task (USE OF HOWEVER)

The community has been living in the country for ages. NEVERTHELESS, natives still consider them as outsiders. (USE OF NEVERTHELESS)
The team of doctors worked 24 hours a day to operate the injured. NEVERTHELESS, they are also suspects of the theft which took place in the vicinity.(USE OF NEVERTHELESS)

 

Use of “MOREOVER” – It used for adding a part of sentence in order to create an emphasis

Let’s take a look at the examples:-

  • This technological invention will new avenues of research, MOREOVER, it will also create new job openings in due course of time
  • The installation of CCTV cameras at regular intervals will ensure transparency, MOREOVER, it will make it easy for the cops to nab wrong doers
  • I am planning to spend two months of summer vacations in my mother’s house, MOREOVER, I can easily attend 3 weddings as well, due to it
  • Purchasing a flat is a good idea for investment purpose, moreover, you can also give it on rent for the time being and sell the property after five years, when rates double

Finally, I, Arpite Sharma, hope that I am able to create an informative long post where your queries are answered.

If you like the post, then share and tag your friends.
Thanks in Advance

 




Also Read: –
How to write a letter to the Principal requesting for two days leave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

How to use “Neither”

 

Aarti Kashyap, a member of English Teacher group wants to know the correct use of “NEITHER” in a sentence

Here is the detailed answer:-

Use of Neither

Neither is used for creating a negative statement. 

Always use Singular Verb with Neither

Neither ice-cream tastes good.
Neither doctor is meant to cure your disease
Neither city is worth visiting
Neither book is interesting



 

Read  : How to use “Where” and “Above” in a sentence 

Other examples

Neither parent paid the visit on the occasion

Neither party dress fitted her, which was quite strange as she purchased carefully

Neither examination dates will be of use to me, as I won’t be able to make, as it is clashing with the dates of an important competitive exam

 

Use of NEITHER , with regards to question and answer session

Q, Which pen do you prefer, blue or black?
Ans. Neither of them. I already have one, thanks for asking

Q. Where would you like to visit, Dubai or Mumbai?

Ans. Neither, as I already visited both of them, thanks for asking

Q. Whom will you vote in the upcoming elections??
Ans. Neither of them, as both of them are corrupt.



 

Read : Where to use “In” and “On” in sentences

Q. Use of NEITHER and NOR (Staring the sentence with Neither)

Neither is also paired with NOR as a conjunction.

Neither Alex nor his wife told me the truth about the incident as I was in dark for a long time.
Neither Kolkata nor Chennai went to the finals of IPL

Neither he has done the work, nor he is planning to do now

Neither he has slept in the past so, early, nor he is going to sleep right now. (He may take another two hours)

Read : Where to use “During” and “While” in sentences

Neither is also used in the middle of sentences :-

I am neither a fan of him nor her, as I don’t watch movies
He is neither supportive of this community, nor that one, as he believes, both are same

 

Common Errors associated with NEITHER, you should take care

While referring about “two people” or “two things”, we use NEITHER

Read : Where to use “Below” and “Under” in sentences 

Bikes and cars have their own importance for commuting, neither of them should replace the other (Don’t use NONE OF THEM)

Phones and messages have their own importance, neither of them can be replaced or substituted for each other

Trains and airlines have their own importance while undergoing journey, neither of them can be substituted for one another

 




Also Read :- How to make the best use of LET in a sentence – Must Read Guide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Can we use “ing” after “TO”? Asked by Sanjib Sahoo from English Teacher

 




Can you used gerund after “TO”
or

In other words, can we use “ing” after “TO”?

Yes, there are certain exceptional cases, when we can do the same.

Let’s note

If verb+to is used, then we will use “ing”

For example:-
He admitted to cheating in the exam when confronted

Here (admitted+to) is used and we are using cheat+ing

These days, everyone is addicted to passing time on FB





They adjusted to living in the extreme conditions after their father’s death (adjusted+ to+live+ing)

Their doctor objected to being so irresponsible and insensitive (objected+to+be+ing)

She objected to giving bribe (objected+to+give+ing)

My teacher is known to telling funny stories after examinations (known+to+tell+ing)

In the previous month , many openly objected to paying hefty tax (objected+to+pay+ing)

In all the above sentences, one thing is common
verb followed by to then followed by another verb .
So, in such cases, we will use (ing)

 

 

Never use “TO” in the following sentences:-

My father is popular to reprimanding us, for our carelessness (wrong)

Why?
Because
Popular is not a verb before “TO:
So, instead of “TO”, we will use “FOR”

My father is popular for reprimanding us, for our carelessness (correct)

Similarly,

There are many philanthropists who have literally dedicated their entire life to helping poor (wrong)

Why?
Because “LIFE” before “TO” isn’t a verb
So, instead of “TO”, we will use “FOR”

There are many philanthropists who have literally dedicated their entire life for helping poor (correct)

Gerunds (Verb+ing) can be used as a subject
For ex.

  • Smoking is injurious for health
    Walking is good for health




Read : How to use OUR and US in a sentence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Know the difference between TO and FOR

 

I am going for a walk  (correct)
Why?
Let’s read the following post, to know the reason

 

Use of TO

“TO” is used for a specific direction and the direct has to be clear
For example,
I am going to school (direction is clear, so we are using TO)
I am going to meet you (Direct is clear, as I am going to meet you)




But, If I say
I am going to somewhere (wrong)

I am going to somewhere (we will omit “TO”, as direction is not clear)

Just say
I am going somewhere

Read : Where to use “During” and “While” in sentences

Direction – Use of TO

I am going to Dubai

 

Purpose of Visit – Use of TO

I am going to visit him
I am going to submit the assighment
I am going to get my child new uniform
I want to get the house-hold chores done
We ran to catch the flight




 

Determines the time period- Use of TO

He works from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m

I work from 7:am to 3:pm

 

Read : Where to use “Over” and “Above” in sentences

Shows the limit- Use of TO

The tank was full to the top

 

 

 

Use of FOR

FOR is used for belongingness

For ex.

The place is suitable for marriage party
I prepared mouth watering dinner for you
She is continuously exercise for the final round
Now, you are married, I wish the best for your life

Read : Where to use “Than” and “Then” in sentences 

Express benefit for a person -FOR

Can you hold this book for me

 

Read : Where to use “In” and “On” 

Indicates the duration of time

I work for 9 hours a day
He is engaged in work for 12 hours a day
He was popular for many decades
I attended the university for 3 years

 

Shows the distance

He ran for 6 miles yesterday

 

 

 

 




 

 

Also Read :- Which is correct, How is everyone or How are everyone?

 

 


 

 

 

Where to use DURING and WHILE – Easy Tutorial

 




Where to use During?

“During” comes before a noun. It relates to a short action, not telling about the extent of time , since the incident is happening. (During+noun)

For example:-
Everyone was carefully listening during the presentation
The weather turns quite pleasant during winters

Where to use While

“WHILE” is used before a subject and verb (While+subject+verb)
For example
The door bell rang, while I was trimming my nails
I met him while he was busy preparing the notes




 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Where to use “THAN” and “THEN” – 2 minutes course to improve and learn

 




Where to us “THAN” and “THEN”

“Than” is used for COMPARISONS
For example
There are more sugarcanes than sugar in your kitchen
My little kitten was sicker than my neighbor’s one

“Then” is used for time related actions and events
For example:-
Come by 8 tonight, I will be at home by then
If there is storm, then the flight will be cancelled




Also take part in the following quiz

Where to use “IN” and “ON”

 

 

 


 

 

Let’s learn a new word today

 

Let’s learn a new word today

Enthusiasm – (Extreme happiness)

1. Enthusiasm – Noun
2. Enthusiastic – Adjective
3. Enthusiastically – Adverb
——————————————————————————————————
Let’s create a sentence
**Sentences with Enthusiasm :-**
* His enthusiasm can be greatly noticed on his birthday
* The enthusiasm of teachers is worth seen on Teacher’s Day

Sentences with Enthusiastic :-
* I am enthusiastic, after knowing that I came first in the class
* My parents are enthusiastic on my achievement

**Sentences with Enthusiastically :-**
* The groom is enthusiastically welcoming all the guests
* The cricket team is enthusiastically accepting the wishes of fans by taking round of the ground. ——————————————————————————————————

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Difference between “ones” and “once”

 




Ones- It is a plural of one
For example :
I still remember when I saw your trouser as it made me think of the ones which I have seen in the parade
These bottles are not eco-friendly as they are the ones which are manufactured from substandard products
My loved ones are going to attend the party at night

Once – Relates with a time
For example,
Once upon a time
He went inside, once I called him




 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Where to use Below & Under – Easy Tutorial with examples

 




Where to use Below & Under

Below is preferred when one thing is not directly under another- All the common uses of below are related to the idea of “lower or less than,” as in these examples:

The sun disappeared below the horizon. (NOT The sun disappeared under the horizon.)
The climbers stopped several hundred meters below the top of the mountain.
While measuring temperature and height we use below.

• It is 5 degrees below zero (less than)
• This place is below above sea level

Under is preferred when something is covered by what is over it.
My slippers are lying under the bed (no touching, no movement)
The shoe polish is lying under the table (no touching, no movement)
The boat passes under the bridge (movement)




“Under” can also be used in the following cases where there is some sort of control , like in the following cases:-
The school is under new management
The force captured three men , under the command of seniors

To mean ‘less than’ or ‘younger than’ we use under.
There were under 30 students in the auditorium today
Or
You can say “There were below 30 students in the auditorium today
No one is allowed to drive under 18
Or
You can say “You can’t be eligible for a driving license, if you are below 18”

Now, take part in the following quiz

Read : Where to use “Above” and “Over – An easy tutorial




 

 

 


 

 

Where should I use “Over” and “Above” – An easy tutorial

 

 

Where to use OVER and ABOVE

Although both the terms “Above” and “Over” means at a higher place, yet I am telling you a very specific difference.

“ABOVE” is used in those places which is physically higher
The plane is ___a city
It clearly means, that the plane in its physically form is there above
If you want to use “Over”, then the sentence will change.




Now, I am writing in the following manner:-
The plane flew over the city
It means, that the place few from one part of the city to another

However, in the following sentences, both can be used.

 

Also Read : Where to use “During and “While” in a sentence
Let’s check the nature of such sentences:-

    • The movie is watchable for children over/above 13 years
    • The temperature in summers touch above/over 50 degree
    • Everyone these days value time above/over money

 

 

 


 

How to change Verb to Noun – Step-by-step guide

 

How to convert verbs into nouns?
Let’s take a look at the following post:-

Add “ance” or “ence” in verb at its end.
For example:-

Appear (Verb) becomes Appearance (Noun)
Resist (Verb) becomes Resistance (Noun)

Let’s create a sentence
Appear (Verb)- My friend has appeared in the university show today and was quite engaging.
Appearance (Noun) – My friend’s appearance in the university show today was quite engaging

1.. Resist (Verb) The honest man resisted the advances of a thief in his locality

Resistance (Noun) There was resistance from the honest man on the advances of a thief in his locality.

2..
Add “-ment” to verb

ment (verb) Appointment

Appoint (Verb) – Appointment (Noun)
Enjoy (Verb) – Enjoyment (Noun)
Assign (Verb) – Assignment (Noun)

Let’s create sentences

My teacher has appointed (verb) me the monitor of the class
My appointment (Noun) as monitor, is done by the teacher

The weather is meant to be enjoyed (Verb)
The weather is going to give us enjoyment (Noun)

The officer has assigned(Verb) me this position
There has been the assignment by the officer to me for this post

3….
Add (-tion) or (-sion) at the end
Inform – Information
Decide – Decision
Describe – Description
Create – Creation

He informs (verb) about his post to others in an awesome manner

The information (Noun) about his job to others is explained in an awesome manner

They are going to decide (Verb) the future course of action
Their decision (noun) on future course of action is going to be decided.

The child cutely describes (verb) his friend
The description (noun) of the child’s friend is cutely described by him

The actor created (verb) a perfect play
The creation (verb) of perfect play is done by actor.

4…

Know the verb

The doctor prepared to operate

Even though , here are two verbs, yet “action” is described from the verb (operate)

5….

The strong winds impacted (Verb) the weak terrace (Verb)

The strong winds has an impact (Noun) on the weak terrace (Noun)

Similarly,

The cricketer prepared to run (verb)
The cricketer prepared for a run (noun)

 

Also Read :-

150+ secrets to improve English like never before 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Where to use “In” and “On” – 2 minutes tutorial

 

 




Where to use the preposition IN and ON?

  • We use “In” for time in terms of months, years, decades or centuries.For example,
  • In January,
    In 2018,
    In the last decade
    In 18th century
    I left college in May
    Saddam was born in August
    I will fly to Indonesia in AprilIN is also used with seasons:-
    He likes skiing in summers.
    The bird is sitting in a tree
    They enjoy playing cricket in monsoons.
    He always take a vacation in winters .

 




  • IN is also used with countries

  • He lives in Malaysia.
    The company is located in Morocco.
    She went to school in Afghanistan.



  • IN is also used with countries with city or town names:

  • He has a house in Algeria.
    I was born in India.
    He works in Pakistan.

Read : Difference between “To” and “For”

  • IN is also used with times of the day –

  • They wake up early in the morning.
    He goes to office in the afternoon.
    Akbar sometimes plays softball in the evening.

In is also used to indicate:

1. That someone or something belongs to or is included as part of something
• She used to play in a cricket team before, but not now
2. During a period of time, a season, etc.
• It happened in the 2018
3. At the end of (a period of time)
• I’ll be there in an hour or so, if possible .
4. How people or things are arranged
• They stood in a circle for two hours, which is indeed commendable




 

When to Use the Preposition “On”

Use “on” with specific days of the week or year:

  • Let’s meet on Sunday.
    What are you planning to do on Anniversary Day?
    He is going to take part in the match on March 5th.

Read : Where to use “By” and “With”

“On” is also used to indicate:

The part or object by which someone or something is supported

• How long can you stand on one foot all by yourself, without taking the help of anyone?
2. That something is attached to something
• He hung the painting on the wall easily all by himself.
3. Where someone or something is hit or touched
• I bumped my head on a low branch and I seriously bruised my forehead
4. The surface or part where something is seen or located
• There are marks on the wall and they look so ugly, in the freshly painted wall
5. The bird is sitting on the branch

Read:Where to use over and above in sentences

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Easy way to learn the use of prepositions in 2018-19 Guaranteed!!!!!

 

 




Where to use the preposition IN and ON?

  • We use “In” for time in terms of months, years, decades or centuries.For example,
  • In January,
    In 2018,
    In the last decade
    In 18th century
    I left college in May
    Saddam was born in August
    I will fly to Indonesia in AprilIN is also used with seasons:-
    He likes skiing in summers.
    The bird is sitting in a tree
    They enjoy playing cricket in monsoons.
    He always take a vacation in winters .

 




  • IN is also used with countries

  • He lives in Malaysia.
    The company is located in Morocco.
    She went to school in Afghanistan.



  • IN is also used with countries with city or town names:

  • He has a house in Algeria.
    I was born in India.
    He works in Pakistan.

Read : Difference between “To” and “For”

  • IN is also used with times of the day –

  • They wake up early in the morning.
    He goes to office in the afternoon.
    Akbar sometimes plays softball in the evening.

In is also used to indicate:

1. That someone or something belongs to or is included as part of something
• She used to play in a cricket team before, but not now
2. During a period of time, a season, etc.
• It happened in the 2018
3. At the end of (a period of time)
• I’ll be there in an hour or so, if possible .
4. How people or things are arranged
• They stood in a circle for two hours, which is indeed commendable




 

When to Use the Preposition “On”

Use “on” with specific days of the week or year:

  • Let’s meet on Sunday.
    What are you planning to do on Anniversary Day?
    He is going to take part in the match on March 5th.

Read : Where to use “By” and “With”

“On” is also used to indicate:

The part or object by which someone or something is supported

• How long can you stand on one foot all by yourself, without taking the help of anyone?
2. That something is attached to something
• He hung the painting on the wall easily all by himself.
3. Where someone or something is hit or touched
• I bumped my head on a low branch and I seriously bruised my forehead
4. The surface or part where something is seen or located
• There are marks on the wall and they look so ugly, in the freshly painted wall
5. The bird is sitting on the branch

Read:Where to use over and above in sentences

 

Where to use “BY” and “WITH”

 

Both prepositions tell how the work is done.

But there is a difference

For example,

“By” comes before (ing form)

For example
They improved their fluency BY speaking

You can cook a delicious cake, BY adding butter

“By” comes before a noun which is used mainly for communication or transportation

For example:-

He went to Singapore by plane/by car/by bus/by subway

I got your details by fax /by phone

Read: Where to use “In” and “On”

“WITH” is used when body parts or “TOOLS” are mentioned.

For example:-

I opened the bottle WITH an opener

He opened the door WITH his hands

Now, take part in the following quiz

 

Also Read : Where to use “Than” and “Then” – Must Read Guide 

 

 




 

Where to use “OFF” and “OF”

Using Of

  • To show what something contains

    • A cup of tea
    • A plate of roasted chicken
    • A glass of milk
    • A jar or tea leaves
    • A bouquet of flowers
    • A bottle of milk power
    • To show a point of reckoning

      • North of the wall
      • West of Jakarta
      • South of Durban
      • East of Tokyo

 To show possession

  • The hand of God
  • A branch of tree
  • A part of me
  • A tributary of river
  • People of India
  • To state what something is made of

    • A splinter of wood
    • A heart of gold

Using Off

The word off is the opposite of the word on. For example:

  • Switch it on. Switch it off.
  • Wipe that paint off the wall.
  • Clean the floor of the littered milk

(In this example, the prepositional phrase is off the wall. The word off is a preposition.)

  • Stop showing off.

(Here, off is a particle.)

  • Get off the table.
  • She lived off the land.
  • She is going off you.

[wp_quiz_pro id=”140″]

 

Where to use “Below” and “Under” must read guide 

 




 

Where to use OVER and ABOVE

Although both the terms “Above” and “Over” means at a higher place, yet I am telling you a very specific difference.

“ABOVE” is used in those places which is physically higher
The plane is ___a city
It clearly means, that the plane in its physically form is there above
If you want to use “Over”, then the sentence will change.




Now, I am writing in the following manner:-
The plane flew over the city
It means, that the place few from one part of the city to another

However, in the following sentences, both can be used.

 

Also Read : Where to use “During and “While” in a sentence
Let’s check the nature of such sentences:-

    • The movie is watchable for children over/above 13 years
    • The temperature in summers touch above/over 50 degree
    • Everyone these days value time above/over money

 

 

 




Where to use Below & Under

Below is preferred when one thing is not directly under another- All the common uses of below are related to the idea of “lower or less than,” as in these examples:

The sun disappeared below the horizon. (NOT The sun disappeared under the horizon.)
The climbers stopped several hundred meters below the top of the mountain.
While measuring temperature and height we use below.

• It is 5 degrees below zero (less than)
• This place is below above sea level

Under is preferred when something is covered by what is over it.
My slippers are lying under the bed (no touching, no movement)
The shoe polish is lying under the table (no touching, no movement)
The boat passes under the bridge (movement)




“Under” can also be used in the following cases where there is some sort of control , like in the following cases:-
The school is under new management
The force captured three men , under the command of seniors

To mean ‘less than’ or ‘younger than’ we use under.
There were under 30 students in the auditorium today
Or
You can say “There were below 30 students in the auditorium today
No one is allowed to drive under 18
Or
You can say “You can’t be eligible for a driving license, if you are below 18”

Now, take part in the following quiz

Read : Where to use “Above” and “Over – An easy tutorial




 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Where to use “Neither” and “Nor”

 

Aarti Kashyap, a member of English Teacher group wants to know the correct use of “NEITHER” in a sentence

Here is the detailed answer:-

Use of Neither

Neither is used for creating a negative statement. 

Always use Singular Verb with Neither

Neither ice-cream tastes good.
Neither doctor is meant to cure your disease
Neither city is worth visiting
Neither book is interesting



 

Read  : How to use “Where” and “Above” in a sentence 

Other examples

Neither parent paid the visit on the occasion

Neither party dress fitted her, which was quite strange as she purchased carefully

Neither examination dates will be of use to me, as I won’t be able to make, as it is clashing with the dates of an important competitive exam

 

Use of NEITHER , with regards to question and answer session

Q, Which pen do you prefer, blue or black?
Ans. Neither of them. I already have one, thanks for asking

Q. Where would you like to visit, Dubai or Mumbai?

Ans. Neither, as I already visited both of them, thanks for asking

Q. Whom will you vote in the upcoming elections??
Ans. Neither of them, as both of them are corrupt.



 

Read : Where to use “In” and “On” in sentences

Q. Use of NEITHER and NOR (Staring the sentence with Neither)

Neither is also paired with NOR as a conjunction.

Neither Alex nor his wife told me the truth about the incident as I was in dark for a long time.
Neither Kolkata nor Chennai went to the finals of IPL

Neither he has done the work, nor he is planning to do now

Neither he has slept in the past so, early, nor he is going to sleep right now. (He may take another two hours)

Read : Where to use “During” and “While” in sentences

Neither is also used in the middle of sentences :-

I am neither a fan of him nor her, as I don’t watch movies
He is neither supportive of this community, nor that one, as he believes, both are same

 

Common Errors associated with NEITHER, you should take care

While referring about “two people” or “two things”, we use NEITHER

Read : Where to use “Below” and “Under” in sentences 

Bikes and cars have their own importance for commuting, neither of them should replace the other (Don’t use NONE OF THEM)

Phones and messages have their own importance, neither of them can be replaced or substituted for each other

Trains and airlines have their own importance while undergoing journey, neither of them can be substituted for one another

 




Also Read :- How to make the best use of LET in a sentence – Must Read Guide

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

English Active and Passive Voice Rules with Examples

 

What are Active sentences?

Subjects does the action. It comes in the start.
For ex.
Anil eats food
Anil (subject)
Anil (is doing action )

What are Passive sentences?
Subject and Object changes their positions.

Food is eaten by Anil

How to create Passive sentences?

Object + be (is/are/am) + past participle (3rd of t

First rule – (how to create passive from Present Indefinite) Auxiliary verb used- IS/ ARE /AM
Active :- He takes pen

Passive:- Pen is taken by him

Active – He doesn’t taken a pen
Passive – Pen is not taken by him

Active – Does he taken a pen
Passive – Is a pen taken by him?

Active – They sell pen
Passive – Pens are sold by them

Active – He helps me
Passive – I am helped by him


 

Second rule – How to create passive from Present Continuous) – Auxiliary verb used- Is being / Am being / Are being

Active – He is taking pen
Passive – Pen is being taken by him

Active – He is not taking pen
Passive – Pen is not being taken by him

Active – They are taking pens
Passive – Pens are being taken by them

Active – You are disturbing me
Passive – I am being disturbed by you


 

Third rule – (how to create passive from Present Perfect)
Auxiliary verb used- HAS BEEN / HAVE BEEN)

Active – He has taken pen
Passive – Pen has been taken by him

Active – He hasn’t taken pen
Passive – Pen hasn’t been taken by him

Active – They have taken pens
Passive – Pens have been taken by them


 

Forth rule – (how to create passive from Past Indefinite)
Auxiliary verb used- Was/Were

Active – He took pen
Passive – Pen was taken by him

Active – He didn’t take pen
Passive – The pen wasn’t taken by him

Active – I helped them
Passive – They were helped by me

Active – She prepared the dish
Passive – The dish was prepared by her


 

Fifth rule – (how to create passive from Past Continuous)
Auxiliary verb used- Was being / Were Being)

Active – He was taking pen
Passive – Pen was being taken by him

Active – They were taking pens
Passive – Pens were being taken by them

Active – They were preparing the dishes
Passive – Dishes were being prepared by them

Active – They weren’t helping me
Passive – I wasn’t being helped by them

Active – Had they taken the pen?
Passive – Had the pen been taken by them


 

Sixth rule – (how to create passive from Past Perfect Tense-
Auxiliary verb used- Had Been )

Active – They had taken the pen
Passive – Pen had been taken by them

Active – They hadn’t taken the pen
Passive – Pen hadn’t been taken by them

Active – Had they taken the pen?
Passive – Had the pen been taken by them?

 

—————————————————————————-

Seventh rule – (how to create passive from Simple Future Tense) Auxiliary verb used – Will be

Active – He will take a pen
Passive – Pen will be taken by them

Active – Will he take the pen?
Passive – Will the pen be taken by them?

Active – You will take the pen
Passive – The pen will be taken by you

 

 

—————————————————————————-

Eight rule – (how to create passive from Future Perfect Tense)
Auxiliary verb used – Will have been

Active – He will have taken the pen
Passive – The pen will have been taken by them

Active – Will they have taken the pen?
Passive – Will the pen have been taken by them?

——————————-

Note:- PASSIVE SENTENCES CAN’T BE CREATED OF THE FOLLOWING

  • Present Perfect Continuous

  • Past Perfect Continuous

  • Future Perfect Continuous

  • Future Continuous

Also Read:-

 

Know Presentations  from A to Z – Complete list with examples 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Adverbs for beginners – Easiest way to Learn

 

 

Adverbs of manner: How?
Adverbs of place: Where?
Adverbs of time: When? For how long?
Adverbs of frequency: How often? How frequently?
Adverbs of degree: To what extent?

So, before moving forward, it is important for me to tell about them

There are primarily 5 mains types of adverbs

 

Adverbs of degree

Usage: they describe to what extent an action is done
Examples: totally, really, hardly, quite, too, etc.

Adverbs of manner

Usage: they describe how an action is done
Examples: beautifully, carefully, slowly, well, etc.

Adverbs of place

Usage: they describe where an action is done
Examples: here, outside, near, around, etc.

Adverbs of time

Usage: they describe when an action is done
Examples: today, yesterday, for three years, since last March, etc.

Adverbs of frequency

Usage: they describe how often an action is done
Examples: daily, occasionally, always, rarely, twice a week, etc.

 

 

Let’s understand better with their examples

 

For example:-

He hurriedly went to his office

She quickly drank juice

 

 

Adverbs of Degree: Before the Described Word

They come before the verb they describe.

Examples:-

  • I convincingly gave the answer
  • He smartly avoided the issue
  • I conveniently made my mind, not to visit the place during rush hour
  • I surprisingly  got a seat even during rush hour
  • I happily accepted the lucrative offer
  • They fearfully went through the forest during rainy night
  • The baby cutely told her name
  • The old man softly asked our name
  • They bravely stormed the place
  • She loudly spoke in anger
  • The main cryingly told her ordeal
  • The child sheepishly accepted the gift from guest
  • They laughingly accepted their own mistakes
  • She whole-heartedly gave the sweetest gift to me
  • We rarely spoke with each other over the last 5 months

————————————————————————

Adverbs of Manner: Use in many locations

Examples:

These are transitive verbs (Verbs which require an object)

  • Here Adverb is used before a verb

He slowly sipped his coffee.
The boy quickly ate his sandwich.

However, they can be used at the end of sentence such as below:-

He  sipped his coffee slowly 
The boy ate his sandwich quickly

 

Below, I am giving you examples of intransitive verb, that is verbs which doesn’t require a verb

Here, we can’t use the adjectives at the end of sentences

For example

He quickly swam through the river (Correct)

He swam quickly through the river (correct)

He swam through the river quickly  (Wrong)

 

 


Adverbs of Place: The End

They come at end, right after main verb or object

Ex.

I am playing outside

I will see you around

“Here” and “There” are exceptions. They may come at the beginning of sentence

For ex.

Here, I come

There comes the professor.


Adverbs of Time: The Beginning or the End

When “adverb of time” is used at beginning, it means certain emphasis on time is done.

For ex.

Yesterday, I had a narrow escape from the accident

 

Another ex.

I had a narrow escape from the accident, yesterday

I was in Lagos, last year

 

 

Two or more adverbs can be used in 1 sentence

I was in hospital bed for 2 months last year

I waited for three hours for him yesterday


 

Adverbs of Frequency: Before the Main Verb

These adverbs always appear before the main verb

For ex.

He always wanted to be doctor

They often watch my performance in the school

Following are the sentences where the auxiliary verb comes before the main verb. In such sentences, adverb comes after auxiliary verb, but it is still before the main verb

Ex.

They should always finish the work before 5.

We must never watch the show late at night

They must have always liked my performance

 


Read :- Prepositions for beginners – Let complete post  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Difference between “Would” and “Should”

 

Difference between “Would” and “Should”

Should is the past tense of “shall.”

Would is the past tense of “will”

“Should” is used for necessary actions

“Would” is used for customary action.

Let’s know their difference, through the following sentences

 

“Should “

You should get up early in the morning

You shouldn’t eat oily food regularly

You should always speak positive about others

Your shouldn’t backbite

You should always be calm and composed

You shouldn’t sleep late at night

You should go for a walk daily

You shouldn’t lie

You should have faith in Almighty

You should be sincere in your work

You shouldn’t be mean to anyone

You should never talk ill about others

You shouldn’t be jealous with anyone

You should work hard

 

 

“Would”

I would usually prefer cab over my persona car for going to office

I would rather sleep rather than patrying all night

I would go at the earliest

They wouldn’t let me do my work

She wouldn’t listen to me

He wouldn’t concentrate on his studies

Would you like to have coffee or tea?

They would never want me to be friends with my colleague

She would be speaking today

They would go to my house tomorrow

 

Read: Where should I use “Over” and “Above”

 

 

 

 

 


How to ask questions with “Has”, “Have” and “Did”

 

I am sure many of you will be confused while creating sentences with them
 
I will create sentences by guiding you step by step, so that you can get your concepts clear.

Let’s create sentences starting with “Has” and “Have” first

 

  • Have they reached home safely even uptill now?

 

  • Has he demanded capital punishement for the accused?

 

  • Has she received her notes to prepare?
  • Have they done their homework as yet?

 

  • Have you gone to your hometown to bring your ailing mother ?

 

  • Have you wanted to lead a better and charismatic life which is devoid of chaos, confusion and turmoil?

 

  • Have you asked me about the prospects of the job?

 

  • Have they completed the ongoing assignment ?

 

  • Has she read the story ?

 

  • Has he given his consent for starting the work, as I can’t start with it, without his opposition?

 

Auxiliary Verb subject Past participle
Have they gone
Has she slept
          Have they finished

 

It is important to read them in detail, then only you will be able to know them:-

Present Perfect Sentences are the ones which use Has/Have with the third form of verb

 

Subject Auxiliary verb Past participle
He has gone
They Have slept
You Have gone
  • I have gone
  • He has eaten food
  • The doctor has recuperated the patient
  • My mother has taken me to the school forcefully, after receiving complaints about me in school
  • They have read the whole will, only to find so many loopholes, thus putting a serious question mark on its authencity
  • The teacher has already announced the result of the exam and every single one of the students seem to be tensed, but not any more though after its announcement
  • My advocate has already warned me to be careful from the other party with their nefarious designs
  • Those cowards have done this barbaric and inhuman act, as killing innocents in the name of religion is the worst possible thing, I can think of

 

Let’s create present perfect negative sentences

Subject + Verb+not+ past participle (3rd form of verb)

 

 

Subject Auxiliary verb not Past participle
They Have not gone
She Has Not slept
I Have Not finished
  • I haven’t written the essay in my exam, as my English is very poor
  • They haven’t gone to their respective office today due to the fear of communal riots breaking out
  • My parents haven’t yet gone for holy pilgrimage, inspite of the fact that they could have easily gone uptill now
  • She hasn’t done the homework even though her parents tried to persuade her with chocolates
  • We haven’t attended the marriage party of my best friend, due to heavy rainfall
  • My teacher hasn’t got the notice from my parents as yet, of meeting her

 

Read:-

How to ask questions with DID

 

 

 

 


Do you know all four “sub-parts” of Past Tense well? Easy tutorial here

Past Indefinite Tense (Second form of verb used)

He played (Second form of “play” is used”
The above sentence is a “Past Indefinite Tense “ and it is also called as “Simple Past Tense



 

Another example

  • She drank the juice (Second form of “drink” is used”)
    They went to the park (Second form of “Go” is used)

Past Continuous Tense (First form of verb+ing)

He is playing

(First form of verb + ING is used (PLAY+ing)

She is drinking the juice

(First form of verb + ING is used (DRINK+ing)

They are going to the park

(First form of verb + ING is used (GO+ing)







Past Perfect Tense (Had + Third form of Verb)

He had played

(Had + third form of verb PLAY which is “PLAYED”)

She had drunk the juice

(Had + third form of verb DRINK which is “DRUNK”)

They had gone to the park

(Had + third form of verb GO which is “GONE”)

 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense (Had + Third form of Verb+ time)

Since/For is used for mentioning of time

He had been playing since morning
She has been drinking the juice for 2 hours
They had been going to park for 3 days



 

Places where “SINCE” is used
“Since” is used for a specific time
Since morning/afternoon/evening etc

 

Places where “FOR” is used
“FOR” is used in those places, where specific time isn’t clear
For two hours
For 2 weeks
For 2 years




 

Different between “PAST PERFECT TENSE” and “PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE” ?

The main difference is “PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE WILL BE MENTIONING ABOUT TIME (in the above examples)

  • In Past Perfect Tense – No mention of time

For example:- He had been playing

  • In Past Perfect Continuous Tense – Time is mentioned

For example :- He had been playing since morning




Also Read : Tips to improve English right from basics – Complete Guide







 

 

 

 


 

 

Where to use “BY” and “WITH”

 

Both prepositions tell how the work is done.

But there is a difference

For example,

“By” comes before (ing form)

For example
They improved their fluency BY speaking

You can cook a delicious cake, BY adding butter

“By” comes before a noun which is used mainly for communication or transportation

For example:-

He went to Singapore by plane/by car/by bus/by subway

I got your details by fax /by phone

Read: Where to use “In” and “On”

“WITH” is used when body parts or “TOOLS” are mentioned.

For example:-

I opened the bottle WITH an opener

He opened the door WITH his hands

Now, take part in the following quiz

 

Also Read : Where to use “Than” and “Then” – Must Read Guide 

 

 

 

Where to use “OFF” and “OF”

Using Of

  • To show what something contains

    • A cup of tea
    • A plate of roasted chicken
    • A glass of milk
    • A jar or tea leaves
    • A bouquet of flowers
    • A bottle of milk power
    • To show a point of reckoning

      • North of the wall
      • West of Jakarta
      • South of Durban
      • East of Tokyo

 To show possession

  • The hand of God
  • A branch of tree
  • A part of me
  • A tributary of river
  • People of India
  • To state what something is made of

    • A splinter of wood
    • A heart of gold

Using Off

The word off is the opposite of the word on. For example:

  • Switch it on. Switch it off.
  • Wipe that paint off the wall.
  • Clean the floor of the littered milk

(In this example, the prepositional phrase is off the wall. The word off is a preposition.)

  • Stop showing off.

(Here, off is a particle.)

  • Get off the table.
  • She lived off the land.
  • She is going off you.

 

 

Where to use “Below” and “Under” must read guide 

 

 

 

 

How can I start polishing my English in just 30 hours (if I know tenses?)

 

  • Are you desirous of polishing your English skills?

 

  • Do you want to become a good orator so that every single person in the gathering can clap for you?

 

  • Are you also looking forward to makes impression by speaking fluent English in a gathering?

 

  • Do you want people to get inspiration from you because of your awesome English?

 

  • Are you waiting for the right time when you can actually give speech in English without any stammer or breakage?

 

  • Have you professionally cemented your career because of possessing in-depth knowledge about English?

 

  • Are you envious of your friend who speaks grade English?

 

  • Do you want to succeed in life in the best possible manner?

 

  • Are you looking forward to work in other country?

 

If yes is the answer to all queries above, then this post is for you.

 

Don’t we often complain about not getting proper atmosphere to talk with likeminded people in English/?

 

Yes, we do as the best of excuses which is automatically generated for not able to practice English is that “we don’t have people with whom we can talk in English”.

 

However, this excuse will go away with the wind, but how?

 

Let’s read further

 

All of us have mirror at our home, so what I want you to do is to stand infront of it and start speaking with yourself by making eye contact.

 

Make sure that you need to speak for an hour on any topic of your choice by primarily focusing on the fact that you need to make eye contact. Yes, that’s important.

 

Why I am emphasizing on the fact that you have to create eye contact?

 

It is because most of us may be comfortable while speaking through phone, but when it comes to speaking with others in a gathering by making eye contact, then we lose confidence

 

Then this is where we lack the courage

 

So, this exercise of mine is actually going to substitute for the same. While in the process, you may be tempted to remove your eyes, but be firm and don’t remove them. Yes, that’s a highly important mechanism which has to be strictly adhered.

You just need to practice 1 hour daily for 30 days and there you will see remarkable difference not to mention.

You can choose to practice in breaks, that’s even better but it should amount to minimum 60 minutes. However, if it is even longer, it’s better

 

What should I talk to myself?

 

It can be on any issue or topic, such as about your

 

  • Favorite destinations you visited recently (Why you like it, what are the places you visited, when you visited, how you reached the place etc)

 

  • Talking about startups, you can also discuss with yourself, about any visionary project, which you are looking forward to start and how you can practically implement it, if given financial aid

 

  • If you are into hard-hitting issues, than you can talk to yourself about national issues which are currently going on such as that of national security etc

 

  • If you have a desire and hunger to change the country for better, then you would love to talk about how you can change it, if given a chance, what vision do you have etc

 

Likewise, there won’t be any dearth of topics which can come for your rescue and all in good faith. Isn’t it great?

Read : Know all tenses right now- starting Simple Present Tense 

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