Independence Day of India – Date, History and Facts
India celebrates its Independence Day on 15th August every year. On 15th August of 1947, India got its freedom after almost 200 years of British Rule. So it is a day of great joy to every Indian and a day of sorrow because, on the same day in 1947, the Indian subcontinent was divided into two different countries, India and Pakistan. The partition took place at midnight of August 14-15, 1947 based on religion.
Significance of the day
In India, the independence Day is important in remembrance of the sacrifice, courage and spirit of the freedom fighters who have struggled for the nation’s liberty from British control. The day is recognised as national pride and honour, and Prime Ministers raise their flags every year from the Red Fort.
How is Independence Day celebrated in India?
Independence Day is commemorated with parades, performances and Indian national anthem singing across India. Following the Prime Minister’s participation in the Red Fort Historic Monument flag-raising ceremony in Old Delhi, a parade followed with military forces and police officers. The Prime Minister then gives the country a TV-address, which describes India’s great achievements in the past year and outlines future challenges and objectives. Kite flying has also become a day of independence tradition with kites filling the sky in all sizes, forms and colours. In commemoration of the day, New Delhi government offices stay illuminated throughout the day, but closed.
The history of India’s Independence
India’s independence is the result of long-standing expectations. India’s liberation struggle spread through various branches from the mid 19th century. There were millions of patriots who gave their lives for India’s freedom. Notable among them were Khudiram Basu, Bhagat Singh, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Chandrashekhar Azad, Kanailal Dutt, Pritilata Waddedar, Matangini Hajra and many more. etc.
After many bloody struggles, India got freedom through the Indian Independence Act. The 1947 Indian Independence Act is an Act of the UK Parliament that split British India into India and Pakistan’s two new free dominions. It gained Parliamentary Approval on 18 July 1947, which led to its creation, on 14 August, of India and Pakistan, which included West (modern-day, Pakistan) and Eastern (present-day, Bangladesh).
Who gave freedom to India?
In the history books of Indian schools, Mahatma Gandhi and his movement are mostly highlighted behind India’s freedom. But it is not true. Do you also think the British left India because of Mahatma Gandhi and his movement?
No, not at all. The man for whom India finally got freedom is none other than Subhash Chandra Bose. But, unfortunately, the pages of Indian history do not give him a place. If you read the full history of World War II and the struggle of AZAD HIND FAUZ, then you must know who contributed the most to the independence of India.
But it can’t be denied that the contribution of Mahatma Gandhi or other millions of revolutionaries was not behind the independence of India but the man who contributed the most was none other than Subhash Chandra Bose who is well known as Netaji.
Did you know that the then British Prime Minister also admitted this in his own words?
Sir Clement Richard Attlee was the prime minister of Britain from 1945 to 1951. When India became independent in 1947, you can easily understand that that deal must have been signed by the then British Prime Minister Clement Attlee.
In 1956, this Clement Attlee once came to visit Kolkata. He was then hosted by Phanibhushan Chakraborty, the Governor of West Bengal and the Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court. At that time, during their conversation, Phanibhushan Chakraborty asked Clement Attlee that there was no movement in India after Gandhi’s Quit India Movement (Bharat Chhaaro Andolan), so why did the British leave India even after winning World War II?
He said that one of the reasons for leaving India was ‘naval rebellion’. He also added that one of the reasons behind this naval revolt was that Subhash Chandra Bose and his INA, which is why Britain decided to leave India in 1946.
Phanibhushan Chakraborty further asked him, “What was the role of Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi?”
Attlee replied with a slightly distorted smile, “Minimum”.
So you must have understood that the British Prime Minister who signed the Treaty of Independence of India even acknowledged that Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution was very small?
The history behind India’s subjugation
Nearly two hundred years of British rule in the Indian subcontinent began after the defeat of Bengal’s last independent nawab Siraj-ud-doula at the Battle of Palashi (Anglicised version: Plassey) on 23rd January 1757. The East India Company won the war under the leadership of Robert Clive due to the conspiracy and treachery of Mir Jafar, the chief general of Nawab Siraj-ud-doula. After this war the British completely dominated Bengal. In the following 100 years, the majority of the Indian subcontinent, Myanmar and Afghanistan were seized control by the British East India Company.
The first attempt of India to get freedom
In 1857, after the 100 years of rule of the British East India Company, India’s various classes of people united in a wide range of armed struggles against the British. This revolt is known as the ‘Sepoy revolt’. Because the sepoys were the first to launch armed resistance against British rule. Raja Maharaja Talukdar and the common people all joined the revolt. On May 11, 1857, the rebels captured Delhi and declared the old Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II as their leader. Then one by one large area of India came under the control of sepoys. The surrender of Emperor Bahadur Shah in September 1857 was the first blow to the revolt. In the middle of 1858, the revolt almost failed. On July 8, 859, peace was officially declared. Thus, India’s first attempt to snatch freedom was ended.
It goes without saying that it was very difficult for India to get independence from the British. But due to the self-sacrifice and patriotism of many Indian freedom fighters, India celebrating its 75th Independence Day on 15 august 2021 with great pride and joy.