**Letter of excuse to my teacher asking for permission for a leave due to my mother’s illness

Letter of excuse to my teacher asking for permission for a leave due to my mother’s illness

I have mentioned several points in the letter

The principal,

City Montessori School,

Aliganj, Lucknow

Subject ( Taking permission for a leave, due to my parent’s illness)

Sir/Ma’am,

I am Arpit Sharma student of Class 10th A, requests to inform you about my mother’s illness , as I need to take her to a doctor.

She is having bad cold as needs immediate help.

I can’t manage to attend school for a day i.e on 15th April, 2018. Since, there is no one else , so I had to take her to the doctor

Thanking You,

Regards,

Arpit Sharma
Class 10th Student

C.M.S

11–01–2017

Also Read:-

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How to write an excuse letter to the school for being absent due to illness

How to write an excuse letter to Principal, for being absent due to Parent’s illness

Letter for asking 10th original mark-sheet so that you can apply for passport

Winning Captain speech- Complete and professional way

Here is the WINNING CAPTAIN speech
You need to thank the following :-
Coach,
Team Members
Your competing team
Your Fans
The citizens of your country
Here, is a proper way to write a WINNING CAPTAIN speech, based on the following:-

___________________________________________________

I thank my coach under whose supervision, this team has come so far and finally adjudged as a winner.
I also thank my team members, who played exceptionally well as a team and have gelled together.
I also thank them (referring to the opponents) for playing exceptionally well but only the best team has won today.
I on behalf of all my team mates equally thank each and every single fan with who has been supporting us from day 1 and always cheered us.
I also thank everyone who has been praying for us, in their homes.
You guys (Referring to the fans) have been the biggest source of motivation on ground as your cheers gave us confidence and a refreshing zeal to counter our opponents with even greater vigor and zeal.
This is the moment for the country as a whole to celebrate the victory.

Read:- Request letter to the Principal for arranging football training

I thank my coach under whose supervision, this team has come so far and finally adjudged as a winner.
I also thank my team members, who played exceptionally well as a team and have gelled together.
I also thank them (referring to the opponents) for playing exceptionally well but only the best team has won today.
I on behalf of all my team mates equally thank each and every single fan with who has been supporting us from day 1 and always cheered us.
I also thank everyone who has been praying for us, in their homes.

Read :- Leave letter for taking part in dance competition 

You guys (Referring to the fans) have been the biggest source of motivation on ground as your cheers gave us confidence and a refreshing zeal to counter our opponents with even greater vigor and zeal.
This is the moment for the country as a whole to celebrate the victory.

Also Read:-

How to write a letter of scholarship 

Request letter to the Principal for arranging gaming facilities in your school

Application to HOD for issuing an internship certificate 

Application to HOD for issuing an internship certificate

 

The principal,

XYZ School,

Lucknow

Subject (Requesting for an internship certificate)

Sir/Ma’am,

I am X (Your name), a Mechanical engineering student, has successfully passed from your institution, requests you for an internship certificate.

I have been thoroughly preparing academically under the able guidance of experienced teachers and gaining practical knowledge has developed my professional level with effectiveness.

I am also ready to work in a competitive organization now, after gaining guidance from professionals

I am ready to work with full dedication, honesty and hardwork by taking the prestige of your college to heights.

I will be highly obliged,

Thanking You,

 

Regards,

Arpita Sharma

Class 10th Student

C.M.S

11–01–2017

 

Also Read the following 8  similar letters

How can I write a letter to the Principal , requesting her to issue TC

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Letter for asking 10th original mark-sheet so that you can apply for passport

Letter to my principal requesting him/her to give me two days leave

Application for being absent from school for one week

Letter to a teacher to change my address detail in my college records

Application to the principal to issue my college continuation certificate

Letter to school Librarian to buy couple of books

Letter to the IGNOU regional center for a book issue?




You need to understand, that you have to follow specific format, in order to write a good application letter.

Letter to the IGNOU regional centre for a book issue

1. ***The title of the book as well as the author (It will be better, if you know the author of the name also, for minimizing or ending the question)

2. Number of days, you want the book for (Justify your action by mentioning the specific days like from 7th May, 2018 till 15th April, 2018)

Now, check the following letter

Yes, you have to say things in a short and precise manner, since an application letter comes under the category of Formal Letter




I am writing the following letter to  the IGNOU regional centre for a book issue

The Librarian,

IGNOU regional centre,

Telibagh , Lucknow

Subject (Letter to  IGNOU regional centre for a book issue)

Sir/Ma’am,

I am X (Your name) student of ______, requests you to kindly issue X titled book of Y Author from 9th November 2018 till 11th January, 2019.

The exams are fast approaching and the book gains even greater significance as it will help me in my academics.

I need to thoroughly revise in these weeks, to be able to gain significant knowledge.

I can constructively pass my time and will be in a better position to appear.

I will be highly obliged,

Thank You in advance ,

Regards,

Arpita Sharma

Class _________

IGNOU regional centre

8–11–2018




Read :

Letter requesting college librarian to buy couple of books 

Letter requesting for Class 10th marksheet

 

Request letter to the Principal for giving birth certificate for passport

Request letter to the Principal for giving birth certificate for passport

 

The principal,

City Montessori School,

Aliganj, Lucknow

Subject (Request letter to the Principal for giving birth certificate for passport)

Sir/Ma’am,

I am X (Your name) student of Class 10th A, requests you to kindly issue birth certificate

I have to apply for passport and I need the birth certificate as a proof to show my Date of Birth

I will be highly obliged,

Thanking You,

Regards,

Arpita Sharma

Class 10th Student

C.M.S

11–01–2017

Also Read the following  letters

Letter to the Headmaster, requesting him/her to issue study certificate

How do I write application for school leaving certificate

Letter to my principal requesting him/her to give me two days leave

Application for being absent from school for one week

 

Letter informing about preparations for welcoming brother for Christmas

Letter informing about preparations for welcoming brother for Christmas

Dear Mathew,

Hope, you are doing great, I am excitedly writing the letter to welcome you during Christmas holidays, as the preparations are in full swing now

As you know that Christmas in Goa is exciting, lively and abuzz with activities. I am sure, that you will be mesmerized by looking at the decked houses and colonies. Yes, the whole city looks so beautiful and colorful all through the Christmas days .

We will surely have fun and frolic together and the celebrations will surely enhance manifolds, as the colony friends join us

I also know that you have immense love for nature. Christmas is also the time, when temperatures drop . It will indeed be a thrilling time for us to enjoy the change in season.

We will go to market to do shopping apart from sweets etc.  We will also roam and enjoy in the surroundings especially cool air, at this time of year. As responsible citizens, we will also do our social duty by requesting others not to gamble or drive while drinking

The awesome weather will be an added advantage for us to have a blast.

I am eagerly and excitedly waiting for your presence as we will surely rock.

Looking forward for your safe arrival

Give regards to your batch mates ,

Yours lovingly,

Arpita Sharma

 

Also Read:-

Write a letter to the Principal for Diwali vacation 

Request letter to the Principal to build a fence for protection

Request letter to the Principal to build a fence for protection

I am writing the following letter to the Principal requesting  Principal to build a fence for protection

1. Before, moving further, it is important to mention the following reason:-

***Why do you want fencing should be provided?
or***
2. ***Why should the Principal or HEAD listen to you?***

3. ***What makes you justify your reason?***

Now, if you don’t know the suitable reasons
I am helping you with them. Check it




The Principal,
City Montessori School,
Aliganj, Lucknow
Subject :- (Request letter to do proper fencing in your esteemed educational campus)

How to write a letter to the librarian requesting to issue a library book 

Sir / Ma’am,

I am X (Your name) student of Class 10th A, on behalf of class-mates request you to properly make safety arrangements for the students and hostelers of your esteemed institution. This can be done by way of proper fencing.

The boundary walls are easily accessible by children and adults of nearby colonies. This is an alarm for us and if it continues, then it may potentially create an untoward accident.
Their advances within the premises, pose a lot of danger round the clock.

How do I write a letter to apply for school house captain 

Sir, I request you to do proper fencing, in order to avert any danger or mishap where they can potentially try to harm us, for their benefit.
Kindly, look at the matter as soon as possible.
Thanking You,

Regards,
Arpita Sharma
Class 10th Student
C.M.S
11–01–2017

 

 

Read: Requesting the headmaster to organize football match in the school

 

Excuse letter to the Principal requesting to make arrangements for evening games

Excuse letter to the Principal requesting to make arrangements for evening games




I am writing the following letter to the Principal requesting him/her to provide game facilities in your school
1. Before, moving further, it is important to mention the following reason:-

***Why do you want game facilities should be provided?
or***
2. ***Why should the Principal or HEAD listen to you?***

3. ***What makes you justify your reason?***

Now, if you don’t know the suitable reasons
I am helping you with them. Check it




The Principal,
City Montessori School,
Aliganj, Lucknow
Subject (Request to make arrangements for evening games)

Sir/Ma’am,

I am X (Your name) student of Class 10th A, on behalf of class-mates, requests you to kindly make arrangements for evening games

Besides being good in academics, I am also punctual and have fair degree of interest in extra curricular activities, and games are one of them.  I have keen interest in it and I have performed pretty well in the inter-school Basketball competition held recently.

Read: Requesting the headmaster to organize football match in the school

I don’t want to lose this skill as I have  invested lots of time in the game. Being a healthy sport, all my class mates really enjoy and have great liking for this. The game keeps all of us refresh and rejuvenated once a while.
Not only, it binds us as a team, we feel energetic as well.

If given a chance, we have keen interest, to take this sport on a national and international level.


Looking forward towards a positive reply,
I will be highly obliged,

Thank You in advance ,
Regards,
Arpita Sharma
Class 10th Student
C.M.S
11–01–2017

Also Read : –

How do I write a letter to apply for school house captain 

How to write a letter to the librarian requesting to issue a library book 




Excuse for being late on taking an exam due to injured son

Excuse for being late on taking an exam due to injured son

The following letter is intimating the Principal , that you were late for the examination as your son has an injury on his foot

Let’s start

——————————————————————————–

The principal,

XYZ School,

Aliganj, Lucknow

Subject ( Excuse letter to the principal for being late as my son has injured his foot)

Sir/Ma’am,

I am Arpit Sharma, student of Class _______, requests to inform you that my son injured his right foot while playing , due to which I got delayed to appear for the exam.

Read : Application to the Principal for re-checking the examination

He was crying incessantly and I had to rush him to the nearby hospital to get him first aid. Luckily, it wasn’t serious as per the doctor and after the first aid, I rushed for taking my exam.

I have always been a studious student and I thank you for being supportive and motivating in these years of journey as a student, in your esteemed college.

I do value the importance of the exam and even I have thoroughly prepared for  it, but I really apologize for this untimely event.

Read : Writing a good letter of recommendation 

Hope, you understand

Thanking You,
Yours Faithfully,
Arpit Sharma
Class 10th
Date-

Read : Requesting the Principal for an educational tour 

Writing a letter to the company to grant leave on occasion of Diwali 

Writing a letter to the company to grant leave on occasion of Diwali 

 

 

Try writing a letter

The HR

XYS company,

Y Road,

Lucknow

Subject ( Requesting for for Diwali vacation)

Read : Letter to school Librarian to buy couple of books

This is Arpit Sharma, an employee in your esteemed organization working on the post of ———-, wishes you “Happy and Prosperous Diwali” as the festival of lights is right here.

Sir, it is my request to kindly give me three holidays on the occasion of Diwali

Sir, I request you to give me leave for three days i.e. on 7th, 8th and 9th November 2018

I have never requested for any extra holiday in the previous years, but this time, we have a marriage in the family as well, which will happen immediately after the festival.

Considering the most sacred, important and joyful festival, it is also the time for the family get together where my cousins from different cities are planning for additional meet up.

Sir, being a hard-working student, my performance in the recently concluded project has been satisfactory and I have been an obedient employee who takes work very seriously.

This is a moment, which I have been excitedly waiting for the past year.

I want to assure you that I am going to join the company on 10th November, 2018 with the same seriousness, as before.

I will take help from my colleagues, if required. I am pretty optimistic and hopeful, that you will grant me request.

I can think of taking leave only, if you permit me.

Thanking You,

Read : Write a letter to your friend about Diwali celebrations at home

Yours faithfully,
Arpita Sharma
Class 8th-A
8th October, 2018

Read : Write a polite letter for extra Diwali bonus for additional hardwork

 

Job application for the post of School teacher 

 

Future Perfect Tense – Structure based on IELTS pattern

Future Perfect Sentences are the ones which use “Will HAVE”  with the third form of verb

 

Subject Auxiliary verb Past participle
He WILL HAVE gone
They WILL HAVE slept
You WILL HAVE gone
  • I WILL HAVE gone
  • He WILL HAVE eaten food
  • The doctor WILL HAVE recuperated the patient
  • My mother WILL HAVE taken me to the school
  • They WILL HAVE read the whole will
  • The teacher WILL HAVE already announced the result of the exam
  • My advocate WILL HAVE warned me

 

Let’s create FUTURE perfect negative sentences

Subject + Auxilary Verb+not+ have +past participle (3rd form of verb)

 

 

Subject Auxiliary verb not Past participle
They WILL not HAVE gone
She WILL Not HAVE slept
I WILL Not HAVE finished
  • I WILL NOT not written the essay in my exam
  • They had not gone to their respective office
  • My parents had not yet gone for holy pilgrimage
  • She had not done the homework
  • We haven’t attended the marriage party of my best friend, due to heavy rainfall
  • My teacher had not got the notice from my parents as yet

 

 

 

Let’s create Interrogative negative future perfect sentences

 

 

Auxiliary Verb subject not have+Past participle
Will they not have gone
Will she have Not have slept
          Will they have Not have finished
  • Won’t they have reached home safely even uptill now
  • Won’t they have demanded capital punishment for the accused?
  • Won’t not have received her notes to prepare, as her exam is going to start next month?

 

  • Won’t they have done their homework as yet??

 

  • Won’t you have gone to your hometown to bring your ailing mother for better medical checkup here?

 

  • Won’t you have wanted to lead a better and charismatic life which is devoid of chaos, confusion and turmoil?

 

 

 

Also Read : Future Continuous Tense 

Past Perfect Tense – Based on IELTS pattern

Past Perfect Sentences are the ones which use HAD with the third form of verb

 

Subject Auxiliary verb Past participle
He had gone
They had slept
You had gone
  • I had gone
  • He had eaten food
  • The doctor had recuperated the patient
  • My mother had taken me to the school forcefully, after receiving complaints about me in school
  • They had read the whole will, only to find so many loopholes, thus putting a serious question mark on its authencity
  • The teacher had already announced the result of the exam
  • My advocate had already warned me to be careful from the other party with their nefarious designs
  • Those cowards had done this barbaric and inhuman act, as killing innocents in the name of religion is the worst possible thing, I can think of

 

Let’s create present perfect negative sentences

Subject + Verb+not+ past participle (3rd form of verb)

 

 

Subject Auxiliary verb not Past participle
They Had not gone
She Had Not slept
I Had Not finished
  • I had not written the essay in my exam, as my English is very poor
  • They had not gone to their respective office
  • My parents had not yet gone for holy pilgrimage
  • She had not done the homework
  • We haven’t attended the marriage party of my best friend, due to heavy rainfall
  • My teacher had not got the notice from my parents as yet

 

 

 

Let’s create Interrogative negative perfect sentences

 

 

Auxiliary Verb subject not Past participle
Had they not gone
Had she Not slept
          Had they Not finished
  • Had they not reached home safely even uptill now
  • Had he not demanded capital punishement for the accused?
  • Had she not received her notes to prepare, as her exam is going to start next month?

 

  • Had they not done their homework as yet??

 

  • Had you not gone to your hometown to bring your ailing mother for better medical checkup here?

 

  • Had  you not wanted to lead a better and charismatic life which is devoid of chaos, confusion and turmoil?

 

  • Had you not asked me about the prospects of the job, even though it was your right to do the same before actually depositing the fees?

 

  • Had she not got fever, as per her statement due to which she has taken leave from office, today?

 

  • Had  they not completed the ongoing assignment?

 

  • Had she not read the story ?

 

  • Had  he not given his consent for starting the work, as I can’t start with it, without his opposition?

 

Also Read :

Present Perfect Tense :- Based on IELTS pattern

Present Perfect Sentences are the ones which use Has/Have with the third form of verb

 

Subject Auxiliary verb Past participle
He has gone
They Have slept
You Have gone
  • I have gone
  • He has eaten food
  • The doctor has recuperated the patient
  • My mother has taken me to the school forcefully, after receiving complaints about me in school
  • They have read the whole will, only to find so many loopholes, thus putting a serious question mark on its authencity
  • The teacher has already announced the result of the exam and every single one of the students seem to be tensed, but not any more though after its announcement
  • My advocate has already warned me to be careful from the other party with their nefarious designs
  • Those cowards have done this barbaric and inhuman act, as killing innocents in the name of religion is the worst possible thing, I can think of

 

Let’s create present perfect negative sentences

Subject + Verb+not+ past participle (3rd form of verb)

 

 

Subject Auxiliary verb not Past participle
They Have not gone
She Has Not slept
I Have Not finished
  • I haven’t written the essay in my exam, as my English is very poor
  • They haven’t gone to their respective office today due to the fear of communal riots breaking out
  • My parents haven’t yet gone for holy pilgrimage, inspite of the fact that they could have easily gone uptill now
  • She hasn’t done the homework even though her parents tried to persuade her with chocolates
  • We haven’t attended the marriage party of my best friend, due to heavy rainfall
  • My teacher hasn’t got the notice from my parents as yet, of meeting her

 

 

 

Let’s create Interrogative negative perfect sentences

 

 

Auxiliary Verb subject not Past participle
Have they not gone
Has she Not slept
          Have they Not finished
  • Haven’t they reached home safely even uptill now, as I believe its been many hours since they started their journey?

 

  • Hasn’t he demanded capital punishement for the accused, whose crime has been proven by the court?

 

  • Hasn’t she received her notes to prepare, as her exam is going to start next month?

 

  • Haven’t they done their homework as yet, or else they may have to face punishment from their concerned teacher?

 

  • Haven’t you gone to your hometown to bring your ailing mother for better medical checkup here?

 

  • Haven’t you wanted to lead a better and charismatic life which is devoid of chaos, confusion and turmoil?

 

  • Haven’t you asked me about the prospects of the job, even though it was your right to do the same before actually depositing the fees?

 

  • Hasn’t she got fever, as per her statement due to which she has taken leave from office, today?

 

  • Haven’t they completed the ongoing assignment now, as I believe that its been many months, since they have taken the charge of the work, and the deadline is near?

 

  • Hasn’t she read the story ? or else she may has to face hardtime solving queries during exam tomorrow?

 

  • Hasn’t he given his consent for starting the work, as I can’t start with it, without his opposition?

 

Also Read :

Present Continuous Tense 

Past Indefinite Tense – Based on IELTS pattern

Future Continuous Tense – Based on IELTS Pattern

 

Going to appear for IELTS Test?

Then improve your English with the guidelines recommended  by IELTS.

Let’s in this post start with Future Continuous Tense 

will be + present participle = future continuous

Action which will happen in future is called Future continuous Tense

He   + will be + verb(ing in a factory

For ex.

  • He will be working in a factory
  • They will be going to school
  • She will be drinking juice
  • The child will be eating food
  • The old man will be taking milk
  • I will be going
  • He will be eating
  • She will be sleeping
  • I will be going
  • They will be coming
  • You will be going
  • We will be returning from the market

 

In Future continuous sentence, “Be” will always be used with “WILL”

Subject

Auxiliary Verb (Will be)

Main Verb(ing)

He will be studying
She will be sleeping
I will be talking
The man will be going

 

Negative sentences:-

Subject + Auxiliary verb+ Main Verb

Will +Not + Be+ Present Participle (Verb+ing)

Subject

Auxiliary verb

Not

Main Verb

Object

They will Not be sleeping On mat
I will Not be Taking juice
She will not be walking daily
They will not be talking In office

 

 

 

 

Interrogative sentences

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb

Will + Subject + Main Verb (Verb+ing)

Will + Subject+Be+verb(ing)

Will you be listening to me?

Will he  be going to school??

Will they be having their lunch?

Will she be sleeping?

 

 

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Will He be Playing?
Will you be studying?
Will you be chatting?

 

 

 

 

 

Interrogative Negative sentences

Auxiliary Verb + Subject +Not+ Be+Main Verb(verb+ing) + Object

 

Will+ she +not +be +playing + guitar?

Will + you not be going out to play?

Will they be going to office ?

Will he be eating banana?

Will she be eating chocolates?

Will they be doing their homework?

 

 

 

Creating questions with WHERE, WHAT, HOW, WHEN , WHY

 

 

Wh/How Auxiliary Verb Subject Verb Object
Where Will He be going?
Why will you be Eating Ice-creams in cold?
How will You be going To school?

 

Where+ Auxiliary verb+ subject+ present participle (verb+in)+ object

Easy way to form the sentence  (How will he be going to school?)

First create

He will be going to school (Future continuous)

Then

Will he be going to school? (Interrogative )

Then add “How” to Interrogative sentence

How will he be going to school?

In the same way, all the sentences starting with

WHAT

WHERE

WHEN

WHY

HOW

will be formed in the Future Continuous

 

Similarly,

  • Where will they be eating dinner in office?
  • What will they be doing?
  • Where will he be going to play in the evening?
  • How will you be going to school?
  • Where will they be going for walk in the morning?
  • When will you be eating supper?
  • Where will the old man be taking rest in the afternoon?
  • Why will you be playing alone ?
  • Where will the children be sleeping at night?

 

 

Past Continuous Tense – Based on IELTS Pattern

Going to appear for IELTS Test?

Then improve your English with the guidelines recommended  by IELTS.

Let’s in this post start with Past Continuous Tense 

 

On-going action which happened before is called Past continuous Tense

He   + was Working+ in a factory

For ex.

He was working in a factory

They were going to school

She was drinking juice

The child was eating food

The old man was taking milk

 

If the subject I , He, She  It, then verb “am” will be used

For ex.

I was going

He was eating

She was sleeping

I am going

  • If the subject We, You, They  , then verb “were” will be used

For ex.

  • They were coming
  • You were going
  • We were returning from the market

 

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

He was studying
She was sleeping
I was talking
The man was going

 

Negative sentences:-

Subject + Auxiliary verb+ Main Verb

Was/Were +Not + Present Participle (Verb+ing)

Subject

Auxiliary verb

Not

Main Verb

Object

They were Not sleeping On mat
I was Not Taking juice
She was not walking daily
They were not talking In office

 

 

 

 

Interrogative sentences

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb

Was / Were + Subject + Main Verb (Verb+ing)

 

Were you listening to me?

Was he going to school??

Were they having their lunch?

Was she sleeping?

 

 

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Was He Playing?
Were you studying?
Was he chatting?

 

 

 

 

 

Interrogative Negative sentences

Auxiliary Verb + Subject +Not+ Main Verb(verb+ing) + Object

Was+ she +not +playing + guitar?

Were you not going out to play?

Were they going to office ?

Was he eating banana?

Was she eating chocolates?

Were they doing their homework?

 

 

 

Creating questions with WHERE, WHAT, HOW, WHEN , WHY

 

 

Wh/How Auxiliary Verb Subject Verb Object
Where Was He
Why Were you Eating Ice-creams in cold?
How Were You going To school?

 

Where+ Auxiliary verb+ subject+ present participle (verb+in)+ object

Easy way to form the sentence  (How was he going to school?)

First create

He was going to school (Past continuous)

Then

Was he going to school? (Interrogative )

Then add “How” to Interrogative sentence

How was he going to school?

In the same way, all the sentences starting with

WHAT

WHERE

WHEN

WHY

HOW

will be formed in the Present Continuous

 

Similarly,

  • Where do they eat dinner in office?
  • What are  you doing?
  • Where is he going to play in the evening?
  • How are you going to school?
  • Where are they going for walk in the morning?
  • When are you eating supper?
  • Where is the old man taking rest in the afternoon?
  • Why are you playing alone ?
  • Where are the children sleeping at night?

 

Read : Present Continuous Tense 

Present Continuous Tense – Structure based on IELTS Grammar

Going to appear for IELTS Test?

Then improve your English with the guidelines recommended  by IELTS.

Let’s start with Present Continuous Tense 

 

Current or on-going actions are called Present Continuous

He   + is Working+ in a factory

For ex.

He is working in a factory

They are going to school

She is drinking juice

The child is eating food

The old man is taking milk

 

If the subject I , then verb “am” will be used

For ex.

I am going

I am eating

I am sleeping

I am going

If the subject HE, SHE or IT , then verb “is” will be used

For ex.

For ex.

  • He is going
  • She is studying
  • She is drinking juice

If the subject We, You, They  , then verb “are” will be used

For ex.

  • They are coming
  • You are going
  • We are returning from the market

 

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

Main Verb

He is studying
She is sleeping
I am talking
The man is going

 

Negative sentences:-

Subject + Auxiliary verb+ Main Verb

Is/ Are/ Am +Not + Present Participle (Verb+ing)

Subject

Auxiliary verb

Not

Main Verb

Object

They are Not sleeping On mat
I am Not Taking juice
She is not walking daily
They are not talking In office

 

 

 

 

Interrogative sentences

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb

Is / Are / Am + Subject + Main Verb (Verb+ing)

 

Are you listening to me?

Is he going to school??

Are they having their lunch?

Is she sleeping?

 

 

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Is He Playing?
Are you studying?
Is he chatting?

 

 

 

 

 

Interrogative Negative sentences

Auxiliary Verb + Subject +Not+ Main Verb(verb+ing) + Object

Is+ she +not +playing + guitar?

Are you not going out to play?

Are they going to office ?

Is he eating banana?

Is she eating chocolates?

Are they doing their homework?

 

 

 

Creating questions with WHERE, WHAT, HOW, WHEN , WHY

 

 

Wh/How Auxiliary Verb Subject Verb Object
Where is He
Why are you Eating Ice-creams in cold?
How are You going To school?

 

Where+ Auxiliary verb+ subject+ present participle (verb+in)+ object

Easy way to form the sentence  (How is he going to school?)

First create

He is going to school (Present Indefinite)

Then

Is he going to school? (Interrogative )

Then add “How” to Interrogative sentence

How is he go to school?

In the same way, all the sentences starting with

WHAT

WHERE

WHEN

WHY

HOW

will be formed in the Present Continuous

 

Similarly,

  • Where do they eat dinner in office?
  • What are  you doing?
  • Where is he going to play in the evening?
  • How are you going to school?
  • Where are they going for walk in the morning?
  • When are you eating supper?
  • Where is the old man taking rest in the afternoon?
  • Why are you playing alone ?
  • Where are the children sleeping at night?

 

Read : Know Past Continuous Tense – Proper explanation Based on IELTS Pattern

Future Indefinite Tense – Structure based on IELTS Grammar

Now, your journey for IELTS Test won’t be hard for sure

Let’s now start with Future Indefinite Tense 

 

Sentences with actions happening in future are called Future Indefinite or Simple Future

He   + Will works+ in a factory

For ex.

He will work in a factory

They will go to school

She will drink juice

The child will eat food

The old man will take milk

The verb “WILL” be used the same for all pronouns (Subjects) as it is

He/ She / It / I / We / You / They

 

For ex.

  • He will go
  • She will study
  • He will sleep
  • She will drink juice

Subject + Main Verb +Object

Subject

Main Verb

Object

He will work In a factory
She will study In university
I will work In a factory
The man will sleep In the open

 

 

Negative sentences:-

 

Subject

Auxiliary verb

Not

Main Verb

Object

They Will Not sleep On mat
I Will Not Take juice
She Will not walk daily
They Will not talk In office

 

 

 

Interrogative sentences

We use “NOT”

with “WILL”

 

 

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Not + Main Verb + Object

 

I +will +not +eat + mango

They will not drink milk

She will not study

They +will+ not +wash their clothes

He will not play with computer

 

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Will He Play In the evening?
Will You Go To study?
Will She Knit Sweater ?

 

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object

Will+ he +play ?

Will you go?

Will they sleep?

Will she talk?

Will they chat?

Will you gossip?

 

 

 

Interrogative Negative sentences

Auxiliary Verb + Subject +Not+ Main Verb + Object

Will + she +not +play + guitar?

Will you not go out to play?

Will they go to office at 9o’ clock?

Will he like to eat banana?

Will she want to eat chocolates?

Do they want to do their homework?

 

 

 

Creating questions with WHERE, WHAT, HOW, WHEN , WHY

 

 

Wh/How Auxiliary Verb Subject Verb Object
Where Will He Go To school?
Why Will you Eat Ice-creams in cold?
How Will You Go To school?

TIP

For ex.

Where Will he go to school?

Where+ Auxiliary verb+ subject+ verb+ object

Easy way to form the sentence  (Where Will he go to school?)

First create

He will go to school (Future Indefinite)

Then

Will he go to school? (Interrogative )

Then add “Where” to Interrogative sentence

Where will he go to school?

In the same way, all the sentences starting with

WHAT

WHERE

WHEN

WHY

HOW

will be formed in the Future Indefinite

 

Similarly,

  • Where Will they eat dinner in office?
  • What Will you do?
  • Where  Will  he go to play in the evening?
  • How Will you go to school?
  • Where Will they go for walk in the morning?
  • When Will you eat supper?
  • Where Will the old man take rest in the afternoon?
  • Why Will you play alone ?
  • Where Will the children sleep at night?

 

 

 

 

 

Read : Know IELTS Grammar based Past Tense with examples 

 

 

Past Indefinite Tense – Structure based on IELTS Grammar

Past Indefinite Tense

 

 

Tip-

Sentences with actions happened in the past are called Past Indefinite

Always use

The first form of verb with DID

  • Did he went? (wrong)
  • Did he go?  (correct)
  • Did Jack went (wrong)
  • Did Jack go? (correct)
  • Did Matthew slept? (wrong)
  • Did Matthew sleep? (correct)
Subject + Main Verb +Object

He   + Worked+ in a factory

For ex.

He worked in a factory

They went to school

She drank juice

The child ate food

The old took milk

 

We will use the same verb with

He/ she/ It/ I/ We / You / They

For ex.

  • He went
  • She studies
  • He slept
  • She drank

 

 

 

Negative sentences:-

 

Subject Auxiliary verb Not Main Verb Object
They did Not sleep On mat
I did Not Take juice
She did not walk daily
They did not talk In school

 

We use did not with all subjects

With He, She and it, we use DID NOT

With I, we, you, they – DID not

 

 

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Not + Main Verb + Object

 

I +did +not +eat + mango

  • They did not drink milk
  • She did not study
  • They +did + not +wash their clothes
  • He did not play with computer

 

 

 

Interrogative sentences

 

Auxiliary Verb Subject Main Verb Object
Did He Play In the evening?
Did You Go To study?
Did She Knit Sweater ?

 

Did :-   He /She

Did:-   I, we, you, they

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object

Did+ he +play ?

Did you go?

Did they sleep?

Did she talk?

Did they chat?

Did you gossip?

 

 

 

Interrogative Negative sentences

Auxiliary Verb + Subject +Not+ Main Verb + Object

Did+ she +not +play + guitar?

Did you not go out to play?

Did they go to office at 9o’ clock?

Did he like to eat banana?

Did she want to eat chocolates?

Did they want to do their homework?

 

Wh/How Auxiliary Verb Subject Verb Object
Where Did He Go To school?
Why Did you Eat Ice-creams in cold?
How Did You Go To school?

 

Creating questions with WHERE, WHAT, HOW, WHEN , WHY

For ex.

Where did he go to school?

Where+ Auxiliary verb+ subject+ verb+ object

Easy way to form the sentence  (Where did  he go to school?)

First create

He went to school (Past Indefinite)

Then

Did he go to school? (Interrogative )

Then add “Where” to Interogative sentence

Where did he go to school?

In the same way, all the sentences starting with

WHAT

WHERE

WHEN

WHY

HOW

will be formed in the Present Indefinite

 

Similarly,

Where did they eat dinner in office?

What did you do?

Where did he go to play in the evening?

How did you go to school?

Where did they go for walk in the morning?

When did you eat supper?

Where did the old man take rest in the afternoon?

Why did you play alone ?

Where did the children play at night?

 

Tip-

Always use

The first form of verb with DID

Did he went? (wrong)

Did he go?  (correct)

Did Jack went (wrong)

Did Jack go? (correct)

Did Matthew slept? (wrong)

Did Matthew sleep? (correct)

Present Indefinite Tense – Structure based on IELTS Grammar

Going to appear for IELTS Test?

Then improve your English with the guidelines recommended  by IELTS.

Let’s start with Present Indefinite Tense 

 

Sentences with repeated actions are called Present Indefinite

He   + Works+ in a factory

For ex.

He works in a factory

They go to school

She drinks juice

The child eats food

The old takes milk

 

If the pronoun HE, SHE or IT is singular, then verb will also be singular

(Depending on the verb, we put “s” or “es” in a verb

 

For ex.

  • He goes
  • She studies
  • He sleeps
  • She drinks

Subject + Main Verb +Object

Subject

Main Verb

Object

He Works In a factory
She Studies In university
I Work In a factor
The man Sleeps In the open

 

 

Negative sentences:-

Subject

Auxiliary verb

Not

Main Verb

Object

They Do Not sleep On mat
I Do Not Take juice
She Does not walk daily
They do not talk In office

 

 

 

 

Interrogative sentences

We use do / does

With He, She and it, we use DOES NOT

With I, we, you, they – Do not

 

 

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Not + Main Verb + Object

 

I +do +not +eat + mango

They do not drink milk

She does not study

They +do + not +wash their clothes

He does not play with computer

 

Auxiliary Verb

Subject

Main Verb

Object

Does He Play In the evening?
Do You Go To study?
Does She Knit Sweater ?

Does :-   He /She

Do:-   I, we, you, they

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object

DOES+ he +play ?

Do you go?

DO they sleep?

Does she talk?

Do they chat?

Do you gossip?

 

 

 

Interrogative Negative sentences

Auxiliary Verb + Subject +Not+ Main Verb + Object

Does+ she +not +play + guitar?

Do you not go out to play?

Do they go to office at 9o’ clock?

Does he like to eat banana?

Does she want to eat chocolates?

Do they want to do their homework?

 

 

 

Creating questions with WHERE, WHAT, HOW, WHEN , WHY

 

 

Wh/How Auxiliary Verb Subject Verb Object
Where Does He Go To school?
Why Do you Eat Ice-creams in cold?
How DO You Go To school?

We often hear from teachers and relatives , where they askFor ex.

Where does he go to school?

Where+ Auxiliary verb+ subject+ verb+ object

Easy way to form the sentence  (Where does he go to school?)

First create

He goes to school (Present Indefinite)

Then

Does he go to school? (Interrogative )

Then add “Where” to Interogative sentence

Where does he go to school?

In the same way, all the sentences starting with

WHAT

WHERE

WHEN

WHY

HOW

will be formed in the Present Indefinite

 

Similarly,

  • Where do they eat dinner in office?
  • What do you do?
  • Where does he go to play in the evening?
  • How do you go to school?
  • Where do they go for walk in the morning?
  • When do you eat supper?
  • Where does the old man take rest in the afternoon?
  • Why do you play alone ?
  • Where do the children sleep at night?

 

Tip-

Always use

DO / DOES with singular subjects

Does he go?

Does Jack go?

Does Matthew sleep right now?

 

While using Does, don’t add “s” or “es” to verb

He plays (correct) Does he plays? (wrong)

Does he play? (correct)

She eats (correct) DOES SHE EATS? (WRONG)

Does she eat? (correct)

 

 

Read : Know IELTS Grammar based Past Tense with examples 

 

 

Use of

  • Always
  • Often
  • Never
  • Usually

Such words never affect the verb

So,

He always goes to school

They often come to visit me

She never smokes

They usually play here every summer

 

 

Request letter to the director for presiding the seminar in your school

Request letter to the director for presiding the seminar in your school

 

 



Read : Requesting the Principal to give one last chance to sit in the class

Now, check the following letter

 

The Principal,

City Montessori School,

Aliganj, Lucknow

Subject (Request letter to the director for presiding the seminar in your school)



Sir/Ma’am,

I am X (Your name) student of Class 10th A, requests your benign presence in the seminar which is going to take place after a week i.e on 9th November.

Sir,

You have been an epitome of courage, motivation, dedication and hardwork. You have always guided us towards the right path. There are other class mates, who are also looking forward to enlighten themselves from your presence.

Read : Application to the Principal for re-checking examination

I am already very honored to be a part of such an esteemed college and I can dearly promise you that the results on this academic year will be even better than previous year.

Read : Requesting the Principal to use the library 

I am looking forward for your favorable response,

I will be highly obliged,

Thank You in advance ,

Regards,

Arpita Sharma

Class 10th Student

C.M.S

11–01–2017

Read : Letter requesting for Class 10th marksheet